Proportion of Gestational Diabetes among pregnant women attending hospitals and Immediate Complication of Neonate in River Nile State 2018.
Alwathig Yahia, Fania Abd Alla, Mirna Nabel
Alsheikabdallaelbadri University-Faculty of medicine-Community medicine departmen
Abstract: There is international increasing of gestational diabetes, gestational diabetes is metabolic disorder during pregnancy and the main clinical feature is high level of serum glucose; that have adverse effect on the neonate. The aim of study is assessment of the prevalence of gestational diabetes, and the main immediate neonatal complication in River Nile State Sudan 2018.
Methodology: Hospital based cross-sectional study design, was conducted in River Nile State between March – August 2018. Four hospitals were selected randomly from 7 locality hospitals. Sample size was 384 women attended delivery room in hospitals. Data was entered and analysis by SPSS program.
Result: Sample consisted of 384 delivery women, the main women age was 21-30 years, and the prevalence of gestational diabetes was 8.07%. The commons immediate neonatal complication was jaundice 68.4% of neonate of gestational diabetes mother (p-value 0.01), hypoglycemia 4.4 % (p-value 0.01), and respiratory distress was 5.5% (p-value 0. 01). Septicemia and congenital malformation were insignificant.
Conclusion: There was high prevalence of gestational diabetes in River Nile State. Gestational diabetes has significant immediate complications in neonate.
Keywords:(Gestational diabetes – neonate – jaundice – hypoglycemia – respiratory distress).